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ORGANIZATIONAL AND ECONOMIC BACKGROUND AND FEATURES OF FORMATION AND REALIZATION OF UKRAINE’S ECOLOGICAL POLICY IN THE CONTEXT OF CLIMATE CHANGE
Thursday, 05 September 2019 22:43

ANNOTATION The attention is paid to the organizational and economic preconditions and peculiarities of the formation and implementation of Ukraine’s environmental policy in the context of climate change. The institutional capacity in Ukraine regarding the formation and implementation of environmental policy in the context of climate change has been analyzed. The necessity of periodic ecological and economic estimation of financial expenses for climate change mitigation and adaptation in various sectors of economy is substantiated. The methods of calculating annual expenses and determination of the economic result from taking environmental protection measures are considered, and it is proposed to use them taking into account climate change peculiarities. This enables establishing a mechanism for climate change mitigation and adaptation funding, economic and legal planning and regulation in this area. The calculating approach for the determination of losses from emergency situations, taking into account the negative effects of climate change, is proposed. The calculation results can be used in the sectoral and national context for developing of strategies of mitigation and adaptation of the economic sectors to climate change. It was revealed that due to the imperfection of the environmental legislation of Ukraine regarding climate change, environmental and economic policy in this area is characterized by inconsistency and lack of conceptual foundations of its formation in the system of national policy. The necessity of adopting a law on climate change mitigation and adaptation, which regulates economic and legal measures for climate change mitigation and adaptation, issues of greenhouse gas emissions, institutional principles and principles of environmental policy on climate change, is substantiated. The structure of economic and legal regulation in the field of climate change has been formed. Attention is paid to the need to improve the system of ecological and economic planning, ecological and economic examination of draft decisions in various spheres of the economy, strategic environmental assessment and environmental impact assessment, taking into account climate change issue in decision-making process by governmental bodies in various sectors of the economy of Ukraine. The conceptual bases of realization of ecological policy of Ukraine in the context of global climate change are singled out. Key words: climate change, economy, environmental policy, climate change mitigation and adaptation, greenhouse gases. Article in Ukrainian...