Salus populi suprema lex . Marcus Tullius Cicero

Development of climate change policy in Ukraine: dialogue with public
Saturday, 21 April 2012 12:04


A regular meeting of Public Council to the State Environmental Investment Agency of Ukraine (SEIA) was held on April 19, 2012. It was attended by members of the public and SEIA.

The following issues were discussed at the meeting of public council:

1. Ukraine's position on quantitatively defined objectives to limit or reduce green-house gas emissions of Ukraine for the second commitment period of Kyoto Protocol.

2. Discussion of implementation of energy efficiency mechanisms in housing and the role of the SEIA in this process.

3. Different.

SEIA was represented by: the first Vice-Chairman – Mr. Varga I.I., the head of the Green Investment Scheme department – Mr. V. Ermakov, the head of JI projects department – Mr. Shevchenko O.V. and others.

Public was informed that Ukraine is planning to submit information about its goal to reduce / limit greenhouse gas emissions to the Secretariat of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) by May 1, 2012.

In 2008, Ukraine announced goals to reduce greenhouse gas emissions at the level of minus 20% from 1990. In 2010, Ukraine, supporting the same goals, pointed out the possibility to increase this goal on condition of the extension of the project mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol. Today Ukraine referred to the opportunity to limit greenhouse gas emissions at the level of minus 24% from 1990. Thus the position of Ukraine, not significantly, but still became more ambitious. But this target still means actual growth of emissions, and is criticized by public in Ukraine, which states that the potential for reduction of greenhouse gases is greater than this number.

Representatives of the SEIA once again drew attention to the fact that the imposition of more ambitious commitments makes it impossible to further economic growth in Ukraine, because after 2007 greenhouse gas emissions increase is scheduled in Ukraine.

Members of public (including Working Group of NGOs on Climate Change (WGCC)) again stressed that there are researches that suggest that economic growth in Ukraine is possible without growth of greenhouse gas emissions; it requires only the appropriate political will. Studies carried out in Ukraine also indicate the potential of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 30-40% from 1990.

During discussion of the second question it was reported that Ukraine received 440 million Euros in 2009 from Japan and 30 million - from the Spanish side according to mechanism of the international emission trading (article 17 of the Kyoto Protocol) while implementing Green Investment Scheme (GIS). The funds from the sale of quotas to Japan will be used for projects in the social sphere (buildings of schools, hospitals etc.).

Speaking on joint implementation (JI) projects, (article 6 of the Kyoto protocol), about 10% of projects are implemented in the sector of housing and communal services. The need for changes to the current legislation of Ukraine to enable the implementation of JI projects after 2013 was discussed, because without appropriate amendments, implementation of these projects will stop in 2012, with the end of the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol.

Members of the public (A. Zhelyeznyj, National Ecological Centre of Ukraine, WGCC) provided an overview of mechanisms of energy saving system implementing in municipal and residential buildings on the example of the Czech Republic and recommended adoption of the positive practices of this experience in Ukraine.

During the meeting Public Council Deputy Chairman of the Public Council to the SEIA was re-elected – who was Andriy Martynyuk, the head of the WGCC.

The public council decided to prepare proposals for submission which is prepared by Ukraine to the UNFCCC secretariat about Ukraine’s GHG emission reduction targets, and to participate in drafting legislation regulating greenhouse gas emissions.

Representatives of SEIA also expressed appreciation to the work of the Public Council, constructive comments and suggestions, which are necessarily considered by SEIA.