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Outcome of the work of the Ad Hoc Working Group of Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention (UNFCCC)
Monday, 16 January 2012 21:06

durban.1A shared vision for long-term cooperative action
The Conference of the Parties (COP), agrees to continue to work towards identifying a global goal for substantially reducing global emissions by 2050, and towards identifying a time frame for the global peaking of greenhouse gas emissions, deciding to consider those issues at its eighteenth session.
Nationally appropriate mitigation commitments or actions by developed country Parties
It is recognized  that deep cuts in global greenhouse gas emissions are required according to science, as documented in the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, with a view to reducing global greenhouse gas emissions so as to hold the increase in global average temperature below 2 °C above preindustrial levels, and that Parties should take urgent action to meet this long-term goal, consistent with science and on the basis of equity; COP also recognizes the need to consider, in the context of the first review of the long-term global goal, strengthening the long-term global goal on the basis of the best available scientific knowledge, including in relation to a global average temperature rise of 1.5 °C. COP acknowledged that there is a gap between the aggregate level of reduction in emissions of greenhouse gases to be achieved through global mitigation efforts and the reduction needed as part of the global effort to achieve the range indicated in the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
COP urged developed country Parties to increase the ambition of their economy-wide emission reduction targets with the objective of understanding assumptions and conditions related to individual targets, in particular in relation to the base year, global warming potential values, coverage of gases, coverage of sectors, expected emission reductions, and the role of land use, land-use change and forestry, and carbon credits from market-based mechanisms, and associated assumptions and conditions related to the ambition of the pledges. Submission of relevant information by developed country Parties, using a common template, to the secretariat should be done by 5 March 2012.
Developed country Parties are requested to share experiences with the development of low- emission development strategies, and invited to submit information related to progress towards the formulation of their low-emission development strategies.
UNFCCC biennial reporting guidelines for developed country Parties are adopted by COP. First biennial reports should be submitted to the secretariat by 1 January 2014. Parties included in Annex I to the Convention (Annex I Parties) shall submit a full national communication every four years, noting that the next due date after adoption of this decision is 1 January 2014.
Modalities and procedures for international assessment and review are adopted by COP. The first round of international assessment and review should commence two months after the submission of the first round of biennial reports by developed country Parties. The review of annual national greenhouse gas inventories will continue on an annual basis, and international assessment and review will be conducted every two years for the biennial reports, whether independently or in conjunction with a national communication.
Nationally appropriate mitigation actions by developing country Parties
Taking into account that climate change represents an urgent and potentially irreversible threat to human societies and the planet, and thus requires to be urgently addressed by all Parties, recognizing that developing country Parties are already contributing and will continue to contribute to a global mitigation effort in accordance with the principles and provisions of the Convention, and could enhance their mitigation actions, depending on provision of finance, technology and capacity-building support by developed country Parties, reaffirming that social and economic development and poverty eradication are first and overriding priorities of developing country Parties, and that a low-emission development strategy is central to sustainable development, and that the share of global emissions originating in developing countries will grow to meet their social and development needs, the Convention, the developed country Parties shall provide enhanced financial, technology and capacity building support for the preparation and implementation of nationally appropriate mitigation actions.
Developing country Parties who are yet to submit information on nationally appropriate mitigation actions are encouraged to do so, noting the need to extend flexibility to small islands developing States and least developed country Parties; developing country Parties are invited to submit this information to the Secretariat, by 5 March 2012.
COP Encourages developing country Parties to develop low-emission development strategies, recognizing the need for financial and technical support by developed country Parties for the formulation of these strategies, and invites interested developing country Parties to share experience on the formulation of low-emission development strategies.
UNFCCC biennial update reporting guidelines for Parties not included in Annex I to the Convention
It is decided  that non-Annex I Parties, consistent with their capabilities and level of support (including financial) provided for reporting, should submit their first biennial update report by December 2014; least developed country Parties and small island developing States may submit biennial update reports at their discretion.
Registry
Recalling decision to set up a registry to record the nationally appropriate mitigation actions seeking international support, to facilitate the matching of financial, technological and capacity-building support for these actions, and to recognize nationally appropriate mitigation actions of developing country Parties in a separate section of the registry COP decides that the registry should be developed as a dynamic, web-based platform managed by a dedicated team in the secretariat; participation in the registry shall be voluntary and only information submitted expressly for inclusion in the registry should be recorded; the registry should be structured in a flexible manner that clearly reflects the full range of the diversity of nationally appropriate mitigation actions, and a range of types of support.
СОР invites developing country Parties to submit, as appropriate, to the secretariat the following information on individual nationally appropriate mitigation actions seeking international support: a description of the mitigation action and the national implementing entity, including contact information; the expected timeframe for the implementation of the mitigation action; the estimated full cost of the preparation; the estimated full cost and/or incremental cost of the implementation of the mitigation action; the amount and type of support (financial, technological and capacitybuilding) required to prepare and/or implement the mitigation action; the estimated emission reductions; other indicators of implementation; other relevant information, including the co-benefits for local sustainable development, if information thereon exists.
Policy approaches and positive incentives on issues relating to reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries; and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries, various approaches, including opportunities for using markets, to
enhance the cost-effectiveness of, and to promote, mitigation actions, bearing in mind different circumstances of developed and developing countries
are addressed by the Working group on the long term cooperative actions. It is emphasized that Parties must meet standards that deliver real, permanent, additional and verified mitigation outcomes, avoid double counting of effort, and achieve a net decrease and/or avoidance of greenhouse gas emissions.
Economic and social consequences of response measures
Acknowledging  that response measures to combat climate change may have negative environmental, social and economic consequences, and that all developing countries face economic and social consequences of response measures to climate change, it is noted that policies and measures to address climate change should be supportive of economic and social development of developing country Parties, reaffirming that developed country parties should take the lead in combating climate change and the adverse effects thereof.
Enhanced action on adaptation
СОР decides that the Adaptation Committee shall operate under the authority of, and be accountable to, the Conference of the Parties, which should decide on its policies in line with relevant decisions; the Adaptation Committee is requested to report annually to the Conference of the Parties, and during its first year to develop a three-year plan for its work.
Finance. Standing Committee
It is decided  to adopt the composition and working modalities of the Standing Committee.
COP Decides  to undertake a work programme on long-term finance in 2012, the aim of this work programme is to contribute to the on-going efforts to scale up the mobilization of climate change finance after 2012.
Technology development and transfer. Arrangements to make the Technology Mechanism fully operational in 2012
СОР Adopts  the terms of reference for the Climate Technology Centre and Network. The following roles of the  Climate Technology Centre and Network are envisaged:  a) Identifying currently available climate-friendly technologies for mitigation and adaptation that meet their key low-carbon and climate-resilient development needs; (b)  Facilitating the preparation of project proposals for the deployment, utilization and financing of existing technologies for mitigation and adaptation; (c)  Facilitating adaptation and the deployment of currently available technologies to meet local needs and circumstances; (d)  Facilitating research, development and demonstration of new climate-friendly technologies for mitigation and adaptation, which are required to meet the key objectives of sustainable development; (e)  Enhancing national and regional human and institutional capacity to manage the technology cycle, and to support the challenges for activities listed in paragraphs 135 (a).(d) above; (f)  Helping to facilitate the financing of the activities listed in paragraphs 135 (a).(e) above, through various sources in accordance with paragraph 139 below.
Review: further definition of its scope and development of its Modalities
Review should periodically assess the adequacy of the long-term global goal, in the light of the ultimate objective of the Convention, and the overall progress made towards achieving it, in accordance with the relevant principles and provisions of the Convention. The first review should start in 2013 and should be concluded by 2015
Matters related to Parties included in Annex I to the Convention undergoing the process of transition to a market economy
COP Invites Annex I Parties that are in a position to do so, through multilateral agencies, including through the Global Environment Facility within its mandate, bilateral agencies and the private sector or through any further arrangements, as appropriate, to make available the capacity- building, financial, technical and technology transfer assistance for Annex I Parties undergoing the process of transition to a market economy in order to assist these Parties in the development and implementation of their national low-carbon development strategies and action plans consistent with their national priorities and with their emission reduction targets.

The fllowing documents are adopted:
Annex I UNFCCC biennial reporting guidelines for developed country Parties
Annex II Modalities and procedures for international assessment and Review
Annex III UNFCCC biennial update reporting guidelines for Parties not included in Annex I to the Convention
Annex IV Modalities and guidelines for international consultation and Analysis
Annex V Indicative list of activities for the Adaptation Committee
Annex VI Composition and working modalities of the Standing Committee
Annex VII Terms of reference of the Climate Technology Centre and Network
Annex VIII Criteria to be used to evaluate and select the host of the Climate Technology Centre and Network and information required to be included in the proposals

Prepared by M.Bulgakova,

Director of EACLA.

 

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