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Countries agreed on the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol
Monday, 12 December 2011 21:05
 100_0537December 12, 2011, Durban (South Africa) - during the international climate negotiations in South Africa, countries agreed on the second commitment period of Kyoto Protocol. Also, countries agreed to adopt a new legal agreement on climate change, which oblige most countries to reduce emissions of pollutants. Agreements reached in international negotiations in Durban, is a step forward, but humanity is still on the way to catastrophic growth temperature on the planet because of insufficient commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Ukraine together with other 34 countries agreed on the second commitment period of Kyoto Protocol, which will come into force on 1 January
2013. But so far it is unknown for how long the second period of commitments will last: 5 or 8 years. The countries must submit to the Secretariat of the Convention GHG emission reduction targets for the second commitment period by May 1, 2012. Meanwhile, Russia, Canada and Japan officially refused to join the second period of Kyoto Protocol.

For Ukraine, the consent for the second period of the Kyoto Protocol means that flexible mechanisms of the Kyoto protocol will be saved (namely, JI projects and emissions trading). However, Ukraine's green house gas emissions targets and the possibility to transfer unused quotas in the future remains as a questionable issue.

"Environmental organizations support Ukraine's decision to join the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol, and the announcement that our state is ready to take more ambitious commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. But Ukraine has to prove its good intentions into practice. Our state should at least agree to stop the growth of greenhouse gases at the current level by 2020, because announced today, provides a significant increase in emissions. The ambitious goals of each country are essential for keeping the growth of temperature on the planet "- says Christina Rudnytska, coordinator of the Climate Change Program of the National Ecological Center of Ukraine.

The new working group that will work on a new legal agreement was also formed during the talks. Under this agreement, all countries, including the world's worst polluters U.S., China and India, will be obliged to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The new agreement must be agreed upon by all countries no later than 2015, and has to come into force from 2020.

Independent experts emphasize that during the negotiations the countries once again put off "for later" the most important question on the aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

"Now climate regime is more similar to a voluntary agreement which reserves for decades reduction of carbon emissions. Delays in real and rapid decrease in emissions could lead to crossing the "threshold" at 2 degrees Celsius and potentially lead to disaster "- says Kumi Naido (KumiNaido), executive director of Greenpeace International.

The world is on the way to raising the temperature more than on 3 degrees Celsius due to weak commitment to reduce emissions, declared by the countries. The scientists concluded after negotiations, it will lead to significant negative consequences for humanity, in particular, to the melting of permafrost, degradation of coral reefs, the possible degradation of tropical forests in the Amazon, increasing the frequency and intensity of natural disasters and others. The cost of overcoming the negative effects of climate change will also increase.

* For more information please contact: * / Christina Rudnytska, / Program Coordinator on Climate Change National Ecological Centre of Ukraine
044 353 78 42
This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

/ Andriy Martynyuk, /
Chair of the Working Group of NGOs on climate change, * is now in negotiations in Durban, South Africa, * tel 362 32 18